Updated : Nov 05, 2019 in Research Articles

Study Finds Most Surfing Injuries Involve Shoulder or Knee, Surgery Usually Not Required

Over the last few years, surfing has increased in popularity, with about 2.6 million recreational surfers in the United States. Efforts are under way to…

Updated : Nov 05, 2019 in Announcement

University of Redlands and Esri celebrate a decade of Redlands Forum learning and discourse

REDLANDS, California — Nov. 5, 2019 — What do anthropologist Dr. Jane Goodall, Atlantic reporter, and author James Fallows, and activist Ralph Nadar all have…

Updated : Nov 05, 2019 in Feature

EZ Select attracts undesirables to benefit biomanufacturing

A frothy stout, a hearty loaf of bread, a pungent cheese; each the stuff of life, each created by naturally occurring microorganisms. Defined universally as…

Updated : Nov 05, 2019 in Research Tip Sheet

News Brief: The APHA Meeting in Philadelphia

NEWS BRIEF: THE 2019 APHA MEETING IN PHILADELPHIA Study: Housing Insecurity Linked to Adverse Birth Outcomes, Including Low Birth Weight and Preterm Birth Infants born…

Updated : Nov 05, 2019 in Feature

Pediatric feeding group helps picky eaters and problem feeders

Local children are learning how to enjoy eating during the first Pediatric Feeding Group at the Wichita State University Speech-Language-Hearing (SLH) Clinic. Each week, children…

Updated : Nov 05, 2019 in Research Articles

WHEN MANAGING A BIG COMPANY, LESS IS MORE

EAST LANSING, Mich. – No company has the exact same marketing strategy when it comes to managing its suite of products and brands, but a…

Updated : Nov 05, 2019 in Research Articles

Mayo Clinic的研究人员发现,阿尔茨海默病亚型可能影响未来的治疗

杰克逊维尔,佛罗里达州 — 尽管已进行数十年的科学调查,但阿尔茨海默病研究人员至今仍未弄清它的病因或找到治疗方法。了解三个不同亚型的成因,被认为是一个有前景的新研究途径。  在《美国医学会杂志-神经病学》(JAMA Neurology)的一项新研究中,Mayo Clinic佛罗里达分所的神经科学家团队在Melissa Murray博士的带领下,对大脑的一个关键区域进行了检查,发现阿尔茨海默病相关损伤的模式因亚型和发病年龄而有所不同。  研究人员表示,这些观察结果可能对治疗产生重要影响。  “阿尔茨海默病以不同的方式影响着人们的生活。”Murray博士说,“如果我们了解发病原因,将有助于解开这个疾病的奥秘。我们不应该继续把它看作一个单一的疾病。”Murray博士和来自Mayo Clinic及Mount Sinai Medical Center的同事们检查了1000多份已故阿尔茨海默病患者捐献的脑组织。他们重点关注的是一个被称为胆碱能中枢的区域,这是已知能有效控制部分阿尔茨海默病患者症状的少数疗法的靶标。研究人员观察了此类疾病的一个主要特征:扰乱神经元运输系统的神经元纤维缠结和蛋白质异常积累。他们观察到两种有趣的模式。  首先,他们发现患有阿尔茨海默病“海马体保留”亚型的患者的疾病症状更严重。典型的阿尔茨海默病亚型会影响海马体(大脑的记忆中心),而海马体保留亚型则主要影响大脑皮层,一个负责人类思考和行为的区域。因此,海马体保留亚型阿尔茨海默病亚型患者可能具有与行为、语言或视觉障碍相关的症状,而不是丧失记忆。  其次,Murray博士和其团队观察到,年轻时发病的阿尔茨海默病患者(65岁之前出现症状)的阿尔茨海默病相关损伤要多于65岁之后出现症状的患者。  根据这些观察结果,研究人员认为,对于此类阿尔茨海默病亚型患者和年轻时发病的患者,现有的治疗方法最有效。下一阶段,研究人员希望在活体患者身上验证这一假说。 同时,Murray博士强调了力求诊断准确的重要性。她表示,一般认为海马体保留亚型患者占阿尔茨海默病病例的10%以上,但由于患者发病时较年轻且症状不典型,经常被误诊。这些患者的认知能力可能很快下降,因此初步诊断正确尤为重要。  Murray博士说:“比如,我们的研究结果表明,当较年轻患者出现人格症状时,通常可能将其诊断为额颞叶痴呆,临床医生可以考虑是否需要进行阿尔茨海默病生物标志或其他扫描检查。”  Murray博士非常感谢向Mayo Clinic佛罗里达州分所脑库捐赠组织的阿尔茨海默病晚期患者,因为他们,她的团队才能尽心研究,帮助今后患病的患者。该脑库存有超过7000份标本,有利于科学家更好地了解神经退行性疾病。Murray博士说:“因为患者的慷慨无私,我们的研究才得以进行。”   参与此研究的其他研究人员为:第一作者Fadi Hanna Al-Shaikh;Julia Crook博士;Elizabeth…

Updated : Nov 05, 2019 in Announcement

Douglass to Host The Mothers of the Movement

Douglass Residential College at Rutgers University–New Brunswick will host a social justice teach-in by The Mothers of the Movement at 12:30 p.m., Thursday, Nov. 14.…

Updated : Nov 05, 2019 in Research Articles

الباحثون في Mayo Clinic يكتشفون أن أنواع الزهايمر الفرعية قد تؤثر على العلاجات المستقبلية

جاكسونفيل، فلوريدا — على الرغم من الفحص العلمي الممتد لعقود، لم ينجح باحثو داء الزهايمر حتى الآن في اكتشاف أو معالجة سببه أو علاجه. ويُعتبر…

Updated : Nov 05, 2019 in Feature Tip Sheet

November Tip Sheet from Cedars-Sinai

More Heart Valve Patients May Choose Minimally Invasive ProcedureSince August, when the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved a minimally invasive heart valve procedure for…

Updated : Nov 05, 2019 in Research Articles

Why myelinated mammalian nerves are fast and allow high frequency

BIRMINGHAM, Ala. – University of Alabama at Birmingham researchers, for the first time ever, have achieved patch-clamp studies of an elusive part of mammalian myelinated…

Updated : Nov 05, 2019 in Research Articles

Quality of Life Changes After Weight Loss

PHILADELPHIA (NOVEMBER 5, 2019) – Obesity increases a number of adverse health consequences including reduced health-related quality of life. But little is known about the…

Updated : Nov 05, 2019 in Expert Pitch

Florida State University expert available to discuss German reunification on 30th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE CONTACT: Bill Wellock, University Communications (850) 645-1504; [email protected] @FSUResearch November 2019 FSU EXPERT AVAILABLE TO DISCUSS GERMAN REUNIFICATION ON 30TH ANNIVERSARY OF…

Updated : Nov 05, 2019 in Research Articles

Hard to study mutations implicated in the expression of genes associated with schizophrenia and more

Hard-to-study mutations in the human genome, called short tandem repeats, known as STRs or microsatellites, are implicated in the expression of genes associated with complex…

Updated : Nov 05, 2019 in Feature

Moonbeam adds a big bang of flavor to Galaxy tomatoes

ITHACA, N.Y. – The newest grape tomato – Moonbeam – has joined a constellation of tasty, small, heirloom-style tomatoes in the 2020 High Mowing Organic Seeds catalog, released…

Updated : Nov 05, 2019 in Research Articles

Some common youth sports injuries are avoidable

PHOENIX — As fall and winter sports are in full swing, youth athletics will see a rise in injuries. Tens of millions of children and teens…

Updated : Nov 05, 2019 in Announcement

Winston-Salem trauma surgeon Dr. J. Wayne Meredith is new President-Elect of the American College of Surgeons

CHICAGO (November 5, 2019): J. Wayne Meredith, MD, FACS, MCCM, an esteemed trauma, thoracic, and critical care surgeon from Winston-Salem, N.C., has been elected to…

Updated : Nov 05, 2019 in Policy

Addition of College and Career Readiness Advisors Expected to Offset National Counselor-Student ratio of 455-to-1.

BOLTON LANDING, NY – Educators from across the country left the CFES Brilliant Pathways National Conference on Nov. 2 armed with innovative ideas for preparing…

Updated : Nov 05, 2019 in Announcement

Tulane researcher studying link between stress and mental health disease

A Tulane neuroscience professor has won a $2.1 million grant to study the effects of stress on the brain and how severe stress contributes to…

Updated : Nov 05, 2019 in Expert Pitch

Google worker climate demands signal growing activism in tech

In a letter drafted to Google’s chief financial officer this week, employees at the tech giant are demanding that their senior leadership sever contracts with…

Updated : Nov 05, 2019 in Feature

Falling in love with foraminifera

Can a single-celled organism from the sea be smart? Charles Darwin, the legendary naturalist, seemed to think so, at least according to a letter he…

Updated : Nov 05, 2019 in Research Articles

Repeated Brain MRI Scans in Football Players Don’t Show Increased Susceptibility to White Matter Changes at Younger Age

November 5, 2019 – Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans performed at the beginning and end of football season show significant changes in the brain's white…

Updated : Nov 05, 2019 in Research Articles

3D brain tissue system aids study of deadly tumor progression

NIBIB-funded scientists have created a novel 3D brain tissue system that better mimics the tumor environment in patients than previous systems. Made with extracellular matrix…

Updated : Nov 05, 2019 in Announcement

FDA Awards AnaBios Contract to Obtain Critical Translational Data from Ex Vivo Human Cardiac Platform

SAN DIEGO, Nov. 5, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has awarded AnaBios an exclusive Indefinite Delivery Indefinite Quantity (IDIQ) contract to…

Updated : Nov 05, 2019 in Feature

Human Immune Monitoring Center at Mount Sinai to analyze the effectiveness of a novel cancer therapy drug

The Human Immune Monitoring Center (HIMC) at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai will apply cutting-edge high-throughput technologies to evaluate the therapeutic effects…

Updated : Nov 05, 2019 in Research Articles

Identical Twin Kidney Transplants Warrant Gene Sequencing, Researchers Say

PITTSBURGH, Nov. 5, 2019 – Using U.S. transplant registry data, clinical researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine found that kidney transplants between…

Updated : Nov 05, 2019 in Research Articles

Study Reports High Use of Electronic Cigarettes Among US Students in 2019

Study Reports High Use of Electronic Cigarettes Among US Students in 2019 JAMAOriginal Investigation e-Cigarette Use Among Youth in the United States, 2019  Article PDF…

Updated : Nov 05, 2019 in Research Articles

70% Of Global Family Businesses Do Not Have A Formal Succession Plan

More than half of global family CEOs do not have a formal retirement plan and 70% of global family businesses do not have a formal…

Updated : Nov 05, 2019 in Feature

Reshaping Healthcare Through Technology to Deliver Better Patient Care

Copenhagen, Denmark—5 November 2019—ISPOR, the professional society for health economics and outcomes research—second plenary session at ISPOR Europe 2019, “Shaping the Digital Healthcare System," was…