Updated : Feb 18, 2020 in Research Articles

Scientists May Have a Way to Let Preemies Breathe Easier

CINCINNATI – The continuing epidemic of pre-term birth includes this stark reality: tiny, fragile babies are born with underdeveloped lungs and prone to lifelong respiratory infections…

Updated : Feb 18, 2020 in Research Articles

Traditional risk factors predict heart disease about as well as sophisticated genetic test, study suggests

Traditional cardiovascular risk factors often assessed in an annual physical, such as blood pressure, cholesterol levels, diabetes, and smoking status, are at least as valuable…

Updated : Feb 18, 2020 in Announcement

Michael Dorff (BYU), George C. Shields (Furman U) Honored as 2020 CUR Fellows

Michael Dorff (Brigham Young University) and George C. Shields (Furman University) are the latest Fellows of the Council on Undergraduate Research (CUR) to be honored…

Updated : Feb 18, 2020 in Research Articles

Selon une étude de Mayo Clinic : Un dépistage vasculaire précoce permettrait de réduire le risque de maladies cardiovasculaires chez les femmes

ROCHESTER, Minnesota. ― Les hommes et les femmes diffèrent dans le vieillissement de leurs systèmes vasculaires et dans la vitesse de progression de l’athérosclérose, le…

Updated : Feb 18, 2020 in Research Articles

Mayo Clinic研究:尽早进行血管筛查是降低女性心脏病风险的关键因素

明尼苏达州,罗切斯特― 男性和女性血管系统老化的方式和动脉粥样硬化(动脉壁的硬化或动脉阻塞的形成)发展的速度有所不同。这些与性别和年龄有关的差异直接影响女性出现心血管疾病的风险。 Mayo Clinic研究人员与国际调查员合作,提出了一种早期(在动脉损伤变得严重之前的中年开始)评估女性血管功能的新方法。该研究成果发表在《Mayo Clinic学报》Mayo Clinic Proceedings上。 微血管系统的收缩限制了进入心脏的血液和氧气量,从而降低了心肌将血液泵送到身体其他部位的能力。微血管功能障碍会在出现冠状动脉疾病之前导致胸痛。 “女性在血管内皮细胞损伤方面具有特定的性别风险因素,性别因素对血管功能至关重要。雌激素减少、过早绝经、先兆子痫、妊娠糖尿病、高血压和多囊卵巢都会对女性的血管健康产生负面影响并增加罹患心脏病的风险。” Mayo Clinic罗切斯特院区心血管研究中心的心脏病专家和主任兼资深作者医学博士Amir Lerman说。Royal Brompton医院的医学博士 Peter Collins是该研究的第一作者。 根据世界卫生组织的数据,心脏病是全世界女性死亡的首要原因。血管老化的影响直到中年才开始显现,随着人们寿命的延长,早期发现和监测心血管疾病危险因素对于保持持续健康特别重要。 Lerman医生说:“我们认为,在围绝经期早期建立的血管健康基线可以作为衡量生活方式改变有效性的一个指标来,这些改变旨在用于预防和临床治疗心血管疾病。” ### 关于Mayo Clinic Mayo Clinic是一家专注于临床实践、医学教育和科学研究的非营利性学术医疗机构,致力于为每位患者提供精准诊断、专业治疗与悉心照料。访问Mayo Clinic新闻网获取更多Mayo Clinic新闻,参阅走进Mayo Clinic了解更多关于Mayo…

Updated : Feb 18, 2020 in Feature

Speakers announced for 2020 Experimental Biology meeting

Renowned scientists including Nobel laureates, research pioneers and celebrated educators will convene at the Experimental Biology (EB) 2020 meeting, to be held April 4–7 in…

Updated : Feb 17, 2020 in Feature

Utility player: How hydropower can help get more wind and solar on the grid

As the world adds fields of wind turbines and solar panels to generate more clean energy, electric grid operators are looking for ways to smooth…

Updated : Feb 17, 2020 in Feature

Initiative takes advantage of existing data to solve community problems

AMES, Iowa – Solutions to some of the problems Iowa communities are facing may be found in the data towns and cities already collect, but…

Updated : Feb 17, 2020 in Research Articles

Mediterranean rainfall immediately affected by greenhouse gas changes

Mediterranean-type climates face immediate drops in rainfall when greenhouse gases rise, but this could be interrupted quickly if emissions are cut. This is the finding…

Updated : Feb 17, 2020 in Marketplace

Smart Mouthguard Technology Licensed from University of Maryland, Baltimore

Baltimore, MD (February 17, 2020) – Technology for a smart mouthguard from the University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB) has been licensed by University of Maryland…

Updated : Feb 17, 2020 in Research Articles

New Computational Tools Identify Alternative Splicing Changes in Aggressive Cancers

Philadelphia, February 17, 2020—A multi-institutional group of researchers led by Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia(CHOP) has linked a strong cancer driver gene to changes in proteins…

Updated : Feb 17, 2020 in Announcement

Wills Eye Hospital Announces Clinician-Scientist Jose S. Pulido, MD, MS, MBA, MPH to Hold Prestigious Endowed Chair

Philadelphia, PA – Wills Eye Hospital is pleased to announce Jose S. Pulido, MD, MS, MBA, MPH, a world-renowned retina and ocular oncology clinician-scientist, has been…

Updated : Feb 17, 2020 in Announcement

WILLS EYE HOSPITAL NAMES NEW CHIEF DEVELOPMENT OFFICER

PHILADELPHIA PA – Wills Eye Hospital is pleased to announce John J. Zabinski has been named Chief Development Officer. Zabinski, who brings extensive experience in…

Updated : Feb 17, 2020 in Research Articles

Sudden Cardiac Death Often A Woman’s First Sign of Heart Disease

LOS ANGELES (Feb. 17, 2020) -- New research from the Center for Cardiac Arrest Prevention at the Smidt Heart Institute at Cedars-Sinai shows that rates…

Updated : Feb 17, 2020 in Research Articles

Data scientists ID potential vulnerabilities in the COVID-19 virus

DALLAS – Feb. 17, 2020 – UT Southwestern Medical Center data scientists analyzing genetic sequences of the COVID-19 coronavirus have identified potential vulnerabilities that could…

Updated : Feb 17, 2020 in Feature

Reducing the epilepsy treatment gap in Pakistan: Start small, stay flexible, never give up

With a countrywide prevalence of 0.98%, more than 2.2 million people have epilepsy in Pakistan. A 1987 population-based study estimated Pakistan’s treatment gap at 72.5%…

Updated : Feb 17, 2020 in Expert Pitch

China delays political meetings, signals coronavirus disruption

CORNELL UNIVERSITY MEDIA RELATIONS OFFICE Feb. 17, 2020   China delays political meetings, signals coronavirus disruption  On Monday, China said it was considering delaying its…

Updated : Feb 17, 2020 in Research Articles

New chip brings ultra-low power Wi-Fi connectivity to IoT devices

More portable, fully wireless smart home setups. Lower power wearables. Batteryless smart devices. These could all be made possible thanks to a new ultra-low power…

Updated : Feb 17, 2020 in Feature

NYC Education Leaders Share Best Practices For Increasing College & Career Readiness at Harvard Club Event

NEW YORK – “Our college and career readiness results far exceed our comparison group and the borough as a whole,” said Jon Daly, Principal at…

Updated : Feb 17, 2020 in Research Articles

TARGETING TURNCOAT IMMUNE CELLS TO TREAT CANCER

FEBRUARY 17, 2020, NEW YORK — A Ludwig Cancer Research study has identified a mechanism by which regulatory T cells, which suppress immune responses, adapt…

Updated : Feb 17, 2020 in Research Articles

Combination Drug Therapy For Childhood Brain Tumors Shows Promise In Laboratory Models

In experiments with human cells and mice, researchers at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center report evidence that combining the experimental cancer medication TAK228 (also…

Updated : Feb 17, 2020 in Feature

What are alluvial soils?

February 17, 2020 – Alluvial soils are soils deposited by surface water. You’ll find them along rivers, in floodplains and deltas, stream terraces, and areas…

Updated : Feb 17, 2020 in Research Articles

The Skinny on Why Poor Sleep May Increase Heart Risk in Women

NEW YORK, NY (Feb. 17, 2020)—Women who sleep poorly tend to overeat and consume a lower-quality diet, according to a new study from researchers at…

Updated : Feb 17, 2020 in Research Articles

Systems analysis for a new Arctic

EMBARGOED UNTIL MONDAY, 17 FEBRUARY 2020 AT 10:00 CENTRAL EUROPEAN TIME (CET) / 09:00 LONDON TIME (BST) / 04:00 US EASTERN TIME The Arctic region…

Updated : Feb 17, 2020 in Feature Expert

University of Redlands educator works with APA advocacy board to preserve program targeted by White House budget proposal

She was the first Japanese national to receive a Doctor of Psychology (PsyD) degree from a program accredited by the American Psychological Association (APA). Now…

Updated : Feb 17, 2020 in Announcement

Rebecca Lyons named University of Redlands Professor of the Year

The University of Redlands Mortar Board Honor Society has named Rebecca Lyons as Professor of the Year. Lyons, a chemistry professor in the College of…

Updated : Feb 15, 2020 in Research Articles

What Induces Sleep? For Fruit Flies It’s Stress at the Cellular Level

SAN DIEGO, CA – Sleep-deprived fruit flies helped reveal what induces sleep. University of Oxford researchers Anissa Kempf, Gero Miesenböck, and colleagues reveal that fruit…

Updated : Feb 15, 2020 in Research Articles

New High-Throughput Method to Study Gene Splicing at an Unprecedented Scale Reveals New Details About the Process

SAN DIEGO, CA – Genes are like instructions, but with options for building more than one thing. Daniel Larson, senior investigator at the National Cancer…

Updated : Feb 15, 2020 in Research Articles

Scientists Develop Molecular “Fishing” to Find Individual Molecules in Blood

SAN DIEGO, CA – Like finding a needle in a haystack, Liviu Movileanu can find a single molecule in blood. Movileanu, professor at Syracuse University,…

Updated : Feb 15, 2020 in Research Articles

Cancer Immunotherapy Target Helps Fight Solid Tumors

SAN DIEGO, CA – Yvonne Chen engineers immune cells to target their most evasive enemy: cancer. New cancer immunotherapies generate immune cells that are effective…

Updated : Feb 15, 2020 in Research Articles

Technique Can Label Many Specific DNAs, RNAs, or Proteins in a Single Tissue Sample

SAN DIEGO, CA – A new technique can label diverse molecules and amplify the signal to help researchers spot those that are especially rare. Called…

Updated : Feb 15, 2020 in Research Articles

Researchers Show How Ebola Virus Hijacks Host Lipids

SAN DIEGO, CA – Robert Stahelin studies some of the world’s deadliest viruses. Filoviruses, including Ebola virus and Marburg virus, cause viral hemorrhagic fever with…

Updated : Feb 15, 2020 in Research Articles

Insects’ Ability to Smell is Phenomenally Diverse, a New Protein Structure Hints at How

SAN DIEGO, CA – Even though they don’t have conventional noses, insects have adapted to smell odors in nearly every imaginable niche. Mosquitoes find us…

Updated : Feb 15, 2020 in Research Articles

Parkinson’s Disease Protein Structure Solved Inside Cells Using Novel Technique

SAN DIEGO, CA – The top contributor to familial Parkinson’s disease is mutations in leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2), whose large and difficult structure has…

Updated : Feb 14, 2020 in Research Articles

Mayo医学生推动开设关于识别人口贩运受害者的培训课程

亚利桑那州,凤凰城 — 人口贩运问题日益引起国际公共卫生部门的关注。在美国约有40万名受害者,其中多达88%的受害者在被贩运的过程中接受过医疗专业人员的服务。  随着人口贩运问题发展成为健康问题,多所医学院校开始将此主题纳入课程。然而,Mayo Clinic的一项研究表示,这类课程仍处于早期阶段。该项研究由Mayo Clinic Alix医学院三年级的学生Jennifer Talbott牵头,发表于《美国预防医学杂志》(American Journal of Preventive Medicine),他建议在学校的课程中纳入识别人口贩运的培训。  Talbott与医学院老师的合作,共同开发课程,以培训学生识别潜在的人口贩运受害者,并向其提供帮助。Talbott的指导老师医学博士Juliana Kling是Mayo Clinic的女性健康内科医生,她表示,识别人口贩运受害者并向其提供帮助的培训,对医学院学生非常重要。  Kling医生表示:“如果我们不接受识别受害者的培训,就无法解救这些受害者。”Kling医生是Mayo Clinic亚利桑那州院区学生社区诊所的联合医学总监,这家诊所在临床环境中向二年级的医学生讲授健康社会的决定因素。  多家组织呼吁医学院校对学生进行培训,教育他们如何识别人口贩运的迹象并照顾这些患者。然而,Talbott的研究表明,目前可用的标准化培训资源寥寥无几。迄今为止,只有四所医学院推出人口贩运识别培训课程。  该项研究指出,完善的教育课程“有可能完善目前的教育缺口,从而提升对性贩运受害者的识别及治疗。”  在搜索已出版的教育资源时,此项研究得到的搜索结果很少,仅搜索到11篇文章。这表明医科学生缺乏可用的信息和培训。  Talbott说道:“性贩运在公共卫生议程中已成为优先议题,这是改善此问题的大好机会。M.D.和D.O.医学院校可以参考当前出版的课程,或者考虑共享资源,以找出可以与现有课程整合的性贩运教育课程。”  此项研究还发现,在医学院学生有限的已发布资源中,教材在受害者法律和安全问题方面的阐述存在差异。  Talbott和Mayo Clinic亚利桑那州院区美国医学女性协会分会还在美国医学女性协会的Physicians Against…

Updated : Feb 14, 2020 in Research Articles

研究发现,特定肝细胞将有助于预防器官移植后的排斥反应和其他问题

明尼苏达州,罗切斯特 — 脂肪组织和骨髓中的间充质基质细胞因具有抗炎特性而被广泛用于各类治疗试验,但Mayo Clinic的一项新研究发现,肝细胞在这方面可能具有更大的潜质。 这项研究发表在《Liver Transplantation》上,研究发现肝间充质基质细胞具有免疫调节特性,因此它们比来自脂肪、组织和骨髓中的同类细胞更加有效。 作为该研究的主研究员和第一作者,Mayo Clinic的移植外科医生、医学博士Timucin Taner表示:“这个发现令人兴奋,因为全世界正在进行的很多试验都在使用来自骨髓或脂肪组织的间充质基质细胞。如果我们的发现得到证实,那么对于此类治疗应用来说,肝间充质基质细胞将是更好的选择。” 这类细胞在治疗带有基础炎症的各类疾病方面极具价值,例如移植后的器官排斥反应、炎症性肠病以及其他自体免疫性疾病。 肝脏是免疫活性器官,与接受别种器官移植的患者相比,接受肝移植的患者所需的抗排斥药物的剂量要低很多。Taner医生说:“我们在很久之前便注意到这种现象,而且我们一直在研究移植受体肝脏的耐受性诱导机制。在这项研究中,我们发现肝间充质基质细胞在控制免疫反应方面,比来自其他组织的间充质基质细胞更有效,这或许就是肝移植耐受性更好的原因。” 这也可以解释为什么接受肝肾移植的患者,发生肾排斥反应的概率显著低于仅接受肾移植的患者。在其他涉及肝脏的多器官移植中,例如联合心脏-肝移植中,也发现了类似的现象。 在大多数肝脏组织中发现的间充质基质细胞可以调节炎症和组织修复机制。在该研究中,肝间充质基质细胞体外采集自不同年龄、不同性别人群的12个活检标本。 在每个实验阶段,无论供体的年龄或性别如何,肝间充质基质细胞的表现均优于来自骨髓和脂肪组织的间充质基质细胞。Taner医生认为,接下来需要进行人体研究来测试这类细胞的抗炎优势。 他说:“我们现在需要更深入地研究,并试图了解为什么肝间充质基质细胞与其他组织的间充质基质细胞不一样。” 该研究荣获美国肝病研究学会基金会(American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases Foundation)颁发的2017年“肝移植职业发展奖”,并获得Mayo Clinic…

Updated : Feb 14, 2020 in Feature

CFR-UTSA Election 2020 U.S. Foreign Policy Forum

Transcript MILLIKEN: Good evening. I’m J.B. Milliken. I’m chancellor of the University of Texas System. Thank you all for being here. I know you’re looking…

Updated : Feb 14, 2020 in Research Articles

Novel Surgery Relieves Pain and Restores Function in Patients with Common Wrist Injury

Over the past three decades, hand surgeon Scott Wolfe has been conducting research to find a better way to repair a common wrist injury that…

Updated : Feb 14, 2020 in Expert Pitch

Physician Anesthesiologist Can Discuss Hospital Infection Precautions in the Wake of Coronavirus Outbreak

With 15 COVID-19 cases now reported in the U.S. and continued transmission likely, health care professionals including physician anesthesiologists are taking steps to increase infection…

Updated : Feb 14, 2020 in Research Articles

Forests bouncing back from beetles, but elk and deer slowing recovery

Two words, and a tiny little creature, strike fear in the hearts of many Colorado outdoor enthusiasts: bark beetle. But new research from University of…

Updated : Feb 14, 2020 in Research Articles

Researchers wake monkeys by stimulating ‘engine’ of consciousness in brain

MADISON, Wis. — A small amount of electricity delivered at a specific frequency to a particular point in the brain will snap a monkey out…

Updated : Feb 14, 2020 in Research Articles

Study shows new surgical protective gear does not reduce surgical site infections

BIRMINGHAM, Ala. – A study from the University of Alabama at Birmingham published in JAMA Surgery on Feb. 12 indicates that surgical jackets and head…

Updated : Feb 14, 2020 in Feature

Valentine’s Day heartbreak turns to healing

A broken heart for Valentine’s Day sounds like the plot of a romantic comedy. But for Rebekah Holl, a literal broken heart was her reality…

Updated : Feb 14, 2020 in Research Articles

Subtle Decline in Cognition Predicts Progression to Alzheimer’s Pathology

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is progressive, but slow to develop — or at least to reveal itself. In a new study, published online February 14, 2020…

Updated : Feb 14, 2020 in Research Tip Sheet

January Science Snapshots

Berkeley Lab Helps Reveal How Dinosaur Blood Vessels Can Preserve Through the Ages --By Aliyah Kovner  A team of scientists led by Elizabeth Boatman at the…

Updated : Feb 14, 2020 in Feature

Student Voters’ Choice: Increasing Access for Civic Engagement

Thousands of students at nine different CSU campuses will have access to new on-campus voting centers for the first time for the March primary election. Thanks…

Updated : Feb 14, 2020 in Research Articles

New Guidelines for Hepatic Failure in the Intensive Care Unit

February 14, 2020 – For critical care specialists, hepatic failure poses complex challenges unlike those of other critical illnesses. A new set of evidence-based recommendations…

Updated : Feb 14, 2020 in Feature

Demystifying heart failure: A Q&A with Sara Kalantari, MD

Millions of people in the United States suffer from heart failure. While the name of their condition might sound dire, many heart failure patients can…

Updated : Feb 14, 2020 in Feature

Loyola Medicine’s Cardiovascular Experts Provide Screening and Treatment for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms

MAYWOOD, IL – When 64-year-old Robert Johnson of Highland, Indiana thought he had kidney stones, he visited his primary care physician who couldn’t see anything…

Updated : Feb 14, 2020 in Feature

Climbing the Staircase to Fusion

The Science Most of fusion science assumes that tokamaks (machines used to study fusion) need to suppress turbulence at the edge of fusion plasmas. It…