Updated : Feb 14, 2020 in Research Articles

Mayo医学生推动开设关于识别人口贩运受害者的培训课程

亚利桑那州,凤凰城 — 人口贩运问题日益引起国际公共卫生部门的关注。在美国约有40万名受害者,其中多达88%的受害者在被贩运的过程中接受过医疗专业人员的服务。  随着人口贩运问题发展成为健康问题,多所医学院校开始将此主题纳入课程。然而,Mayo Clinic的一项研究表示,这类课程仍处于早期阶段。该项研究由Mayo Clinic Alix医学院三年级的学生Jennifer Talbott牵头,发表于《美国预防医学杂志》(American Journal of Preventive Medicine),他建议在学校的课程中纳入识别人口贩运的培训。  Talbott与医学院老师的合作,共同开发课程,以培训学生识别潜在的人口贩运受害者,并向其提供帮助。Talbott的指导老师医学博士Juliana Kling是Mayo Clinic的女性健康内科医生,她表示,识别人口贩运受害者并向其提供帮助的培训,对医学院学生非常重要。  Kling医生表示:“如果我们不接受识别受害者的培训,就无法解救这些受害者。”Kling医生是Mayo Clinic亚利桑那州院区学生社区诊所的联合医学总监,这家诊所在临床环境中向二年级的医学生讲授健康社会的决定因素。  多家组织呼吁医学院校对学生进行培训,教育他们如何识别人口贩运的迹象并照顾这些患者。然而,Talbott的研究表明,目前可用的标准化培训资源寥寥无几。迄今为止,只有四所医学院推出人口贩运识别培训课程。  该项研究指出,完善的教育课程“有可能完善目前的教育缺口,从而提升对性贩运受害者的识别及治疗。”  在搜索已出版的教育资源时,此项研究得到的搜索结果很少,仅搜索到11篇文章。这表明医科学生缺乏可用的信息和培训。  Talbott说道:“性贩运在公共卫生议程中已成为优先议题,这是改善此问题的大好机会。M.D.和D.O.医学院校可以参考当前出版的课程,或者考虑共享资源,以找出可以与现有课程整合的性贩运教育课程。”  此项研究还发现,在医学院学生有限的已发布资源中,教材在受害者法律和安全问题方面的阐述存在差异。  Talbott和Mayo Clinic亚利桑那州院区美国医学女性协会分会还在美国医学女性协会的Physicians Against…

Updated : Feb 14, 2020 in Research Articles

研究发现,特定肝细胞将有助于预防器官移植后的排斥反应和其他问题

明尼苏达州,罗切斯特 — 脂肪组织和骨髓中的间充质基质细胞因具有抗炎特性而被广泛用于各类治疗试验,但Mayo Clinic的一项新研究发现,肝细胞在这方面可能具有更大的潜质。 这项研究发表在《Liver Transplantation》上,研究发现肝间充质基质细胞具有免疫调节特性,因此它们比来自脂肪、组织和骨髓中的同类细胞更加有效。 作为该研究的主研究员和第一作者,Mayo Clinic的移植外科医生、医学博士Timucin Taner表示:“这个发现令人兴奋,因为全世界正在进行的很多试验都在使用来自骨髓或脂肪组织的间充质基质细胞。如果我们的发现得到证实,那么对于此类治疗应用来说,肝间充质基质细胞将是更好的选择。” 这类细胞在治疗带有基础炎症的各类疾病方面极具价值,例如移植后的器官排斥反应、炎症性肠病以及其他自体免疫性疾病。 肝脏是免疫活性器官,与接受别种器官移植的患者相比,接受肝移植的患者所需的抗排斥药物的剂量要低很多。Taner医生说:“我们在很久之前便注意到这种现象,而且我们一直在研究移植受体肝脏的耐受性诱导机制。在这项研究中,我们发现肝间充质基质细胞在控制免疫反应方面,比来自其他组织的间充质基质细胞更有效,这或许就是肝移植耐受性更好的原因。” 这也可以解释为什么接受肝肾移植的患者,发生肾排斥反应的概率显著低于仅接受肾移植的患者。在其他涉及肝脏的多器官移植中,例如联合心脏-肝移植中,也发现了类似的现象。 在大多数肝脏组织中发现的间充质基质细胞可以调节炎症和组织修复机制。在该研究中,肝间充质基质细胞体外采集自不同年龄、不同性别人群的12个活检标本。 在每个实验阶段,无论供体的年龄或性别如何,肝间充质基质细胞的表现均优于来自骨髓和脂肪组织的间充质基质细胞。Taner医生认为,接下来需要进行人体研究来测试这类细胞的抗炎优势。 他说:“我们现在需要更深入地研究,并试图了解为什么肝间充质基质细胞与其他组织的间充质基质细胞不一样。” 该研究荣获美国肝病研究学会基金会(American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases Foundation)颁发的2017年“肝移植职业发展奖”,并获得Mayo Clinic…

Updated : Feb 14, 2020 in Feature

CFR-UTSA Election 2020 U.S. Foreign Policy Forum

Transcript MILLIKEN: Good evening. I’m J.B. Milliken. I’m chancellor of the University of Texas System. Thank you all for being here. I know you’re looking…

Updated : Feb 14, 2020 in Research Articles

Novel Surgery Relieves Pain and Restores Function in Patients with Common Wrist Injury

Over the past three decades, hand surgeon Scott Wolfe has been conducting research to find a better way to repair a common wrist injury that…

Updated : Feb 14, 2020 in Expert Pitch

Physician Anesthesiologist Can Discuss Hospital Infection Precautions in the Wake of Coronavirus Outbreak

With 15 COVID-19 cases now reported in the U.S. and continued transmission likely, health care professionals including physician anesthesiologists are taking steps to increase infection…

Updated : Feb 14, 2020 in Research Articles

Forests bouncing back from beetles, but elk and deer slowing recovery

Two words, and a tiny little creature, strike fear in the hearts of many Colorado outdoor enthusiasts: bark beetle. But new research from University of…

Updated : Feb 14, 2020 in Research Articles

Researchers wake monkeys by stimulating ‘engine’ of consciousness in brain

MADISON, Wis. — A small amount of electricity delivered at a specific frequency to a particular point in the brain will snap a monkey out…

Updated : Feb 14, 2020 in Research Articles

Study shows new surgical protective gear does not reduce surgical site infections

BIRMINGHAM, Ala. – A study from the University of Alabama at Birmingham published in JAMA Surgery on Feb. 12 indicates that surgical jackets and head…

Updated : Feb 14, 2020 in Feature

Valentine’s Day heartbreak turns to healing

A broken heart for Valentine’s Day sounds like the plot of a romantic comedy. But for Rebekah Holl, a literal broken heart was her reality…

Updated : Feb 14, 2020 in Research Articles

Subtle Decline in Cognition Predicts Progression to Alzheimer’s Pathology

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is progressive, but slow to develop — or at least to reveal itself. In a new study, published online February 14, 2020…

Updated : Feb 14, 2020 in Research Tip Sheet

January Science Snapshots

Berkeley Lab Helps Reveal How Dinosaur Blood Vessels Can Preserve Through the Ages --By Aliyah Kovner  A team of scientists led by Elizabeth Boatman at the…

Updated : Feb 14, 2020 in Feature

Student Voters’ Choice: Increasing Access for Civic Engagement

Thousands of students at nine different CSU campuses will have access to new on-campus voting centers for the first time for the March primary election. Thanks…

Updated : Feb 14, 2020 in Research Articles

New Guidelines for Hepatic Failure in the Intensive Care Unit

February 14, 2020 – For critical care specialists, hepatic failure poses complex challenges unlike those of other critical illnesses. A new set of evidence-based recommendations…

Updated : Feb 14, 2020 in Feature

Demystifying heart failure: A Q&A with Sara Kalantari, MD

Millions of people in the United States suffer from heart failure. While the name of their condition might sound dire, many heart failure patients can…

Updated : Feb 14, 2020 in Feature

Loyola Medicine’s Cardiovascular Experts Provide Screening and Treatment for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms

MAYWOOD, IL – When 64-year-old Robert Johnson of Highland, Indiana thought he had kidney stones, he visited his primary care physician who couldn’t see anything…

Updated : Feb 14, 2020 in Feature

Climbing the Staircase to Fusion

The Science Most of fusion science assumes that tokamaks (machines used to study fusion) need to suppress turbulence at the edge of fusion plasmas. It…

Updated : Feb 14, 2020 in Research Articles

New pathogenic mechanism for influenza NS1 protein found

BIRMINGHAM, Ala. – Influenza is a deadly virus, with about 290,000 to 650,000 deaths worldwide each year. When pandemics hit, the toll can soar: The…

Updated : Feb 14, 2020 in Research Articles

Brain inflammation in veterans with Gulf War illness

BOSTON - In a new discovery, researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) have detected widespread inflammation in the brains of veterans diagnosed with Gulf War…

Updated : Feb 14, 2020 in Research Articles

Mayo Clinic study looks at changes in patient characteristics, outcomes for coronary revascularization over 14-year period

ROCHESTER, Minn. ― The most common type of heart disease ― coronary artery disease ― affects 6.7% of adults and accounts for 20% of 2 in 10…

Updated : Feb 14, 2020 in Research Articles

Satellite image data reveals rapid decline of China’s intertidal wetlands

Using archives of satellite imaging data, a study in Frontiers in Earth Science has conducted the most in-depth study of China's intertidal wetlands to date and found…

Updated : Feb 14, 2020 in Research Articles

Getting a Leg Up on Love: Spiders Offer Limb for Mating Survival

WASHINGTON, February 14, 2020 – Male tufted golden orb weaver spiders pull out all the stops when trying to court a female, including offering up…

Updated : Feb 14, 2020 in Research Articles

Cocoa could bring sweet relief to walking pain for people with peripheral artery disease

DALLAS, February 14, 2020 -- Consumption of cocoa may improve walking performance for patients with peripheral artery disease, according to the results of a small,…