Updated : Apr 08, 2020 in Research Articles

Repurposing Existing Drugs Could Offer Faster Path to COVID-19 Treatment

As hospitals around the world become increasingly overwhelmed by severe cases of COVID-19, researchers are hunting for existing drugs that could quickly be repurposed to…

Updated : Apr 08, 2020 in Research Articles

Professor Johnston Publishes ‘Walking School Bus’ Research

SPOKANE, Wash. — Joe Johnston, Gonzaga University assistant professor of sociology and criminology, recently published a research study about a program in multiple Spokane elementary…

Updated : Apr 07, 2020 in Research Articles

Hangover drug shows wider benefits in USC research

A well-known hangover drug not only helps soothe pounding headaches but also triggers profound changes that protect the liver, USC scientists report in new findings…

Updated : Apr 07, 2020 in Research Articles

Novel Research in AACC’s Clinical Chemistry Journal Shows That Vitamin D Supplements Do Not Prevent Osteoporotic Fractures

WASHINGTON – A first-of-its-kind study published in AACC’s Clinical Chemistry journal has found that low vitamin D levels alone do not cause osteoporotic fractures. This…

Updated : Apr 07, 2020 in Research Articles

Engineered virus might be able to block coronavirus infections, mouse study shows

Washington, DC - April 7, 2020 - No vaccines exist that protect people against infections by coronaviruses, including SARS-CoV-2, which causes COVID-19, or the ones…

Updated : Apr 07, 2020 in Research Articles

Six Self-Care Strategies to Combat Clinician Burnout

Staffing and equipment shortages and other issues related to the COVID-19 pandemic add to the long-standing challenges to reduce burnout among nurses, physicians and other…

Updated : Apr 07, 2020 in Research Articles

Seeking COVID cures: Scientists find promising first step in antiviral treatment

ITHACA, N.Y. – Researchers from Cornell University have identified a possible target for antiviral treatment for COVID-19.  The researchers initially set out to analyze the…

Updated : Apr 07, 2020 in Research Articles

Artificial Intelligence Enables Rapid COVID-19 Lung Imaging Analysis at UC San Diego Health

For most patients who have died of COVID-19, the pandemic disease caused by a novel coronavirus, the ultimate cause of death was pneumonia, a condition…

Updated : Apr 07, 2020 in Research Articles

Common Protein in Skin Can ‘Turn On’ Allergic Itch

A commonly expressed protein in skin – periostin – can directly activate itch-associated neurons in the skin, according to new research from North Carolina State…

Updated : Apr 07, 2020 in Research Articles

Too Much Haste Leads to Little Speed

LA JOLLA, CA—Researchers at the La Jolla Institute for Immunology (LJI) have written a new first draft chapter in the book of immunology. They have…

Updated : Apr 07, 2020 in Research Articles

Study reveals patterns behind big ideas

ITHACA, N.Y. – The road from mammary glands to military gear was long and winding. When scientists studying milk production faced technical obstacles, they began…

Updated : Apr 07, 2020 in Research Articles

Coping strategies linked to mental health risks during girls’ puberty

ITHACA, N.Y. – Puberty presents girls with a host of physical and emotional challenges. Why do some girls navigate the transition with resilience and enthusiasm, while…

Updated : Apr 06, 2020 in Research Articles

Researchers Identify Potential Early Biomarker to Track Development of Dangerous Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

BOSTON – (April 6, 2020) – Fatty liver disease not associated with alcohol consumption, which is called Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease or NAFLD, affects more…

Updated : Apr 06, 2020 in Research Articles

Four Tips to Interviewing, Landing a New Job During COVID-19

Media contact: Cynthia Medina, [email protected], 848-932-1940 New Brunswick, N.J. (Apr. 6, 2020) – As students prepare to graduate this May into a reeling economy and…

Updated : Apr 06, 2020 in Research Articles

The four horsemen of the COVID-19 pandemic

It is clear that we must prioritize identifying and alleviating the conditions that made the Covid-19 pandemic possible. Even as it rages, scientists are already…

Updated : Apr 06, 2020 in Research Articles

Covid-19 tool allows health leaders to plan for critical care surge

Hospitals can prepare for a surge of patients critically ill with COVID-19, but it will require hospital leaders, practitioners and regional officials to adopt drastic…

Updated : Apr 06, 2020 in Research Articles

Compound in Fruit Peels Halts Damage and Spurs Neuronal Repair in Multiple Sclerosis

PHILADELPHIA – Multiple sclerosis (MS), characterized by increasing muscle weakness and paralysis, has a number of treatments that help stall progression of the disease when…

Updated : Apr 06, 2020 in Research Articles

Lifestyle trumps geography in determining makeup of gut microbiome

Apes in U.S. zoos host bacterial communities in their intestinal tracts that are more similar to those of people who eat a non-Western diet than…

Updated : Apr 06, 2020 in Research Articles

BIDMC launches clinical trial to assess common anti-clotting medication for treatment of COVID-19-related respiratory failure

Boston, Mass. -- While the majority of people with COVID-19 won’t require hospitalization, those who do are likely to seek medical help as a result…

Updated : Apr 06, 2020 in Research Articles

Link between air pollution and corona mortality in Italy could be possible

The world has been hit hard by coronavirus, and health services and authorities everywhere are struggling to reduce the spread, combat the disease and protect…

Updated : Apr 06, 2020 in Research Articles

The Milky Way’s satellites help reveal link between dark matter halos and galaxy formation

Just as the sun has planets and the planets have moons, our galaxy has satellite galaxies, and some of those might have smaller satellite galaxies…

Updated : Apr 06, 2020 in Research Articles

ARTIFICIAL LIGHT IN THE ARCTIC

The Arctic polar night remains one of the last undisturbed dark environments on the planet. But as the climate changes and human activities increase in…

Updated : Apr 06, 2020 in Research Articles

Common coronaviruses are highly seasonal, with most cases peaking in winter months

Four types of human coronaviruses that cause common respiratory infections are sharply seasonal and appear to transmit similarly to influenza in the same population, according…

Updated : Apr 06, 2020 in Research Articles

Surgical masks good for most COVID-19 treatment: McMaster

    Hamilton, ON (April 6, 2020) – The N95 respirator masks should be preserved for health-care workers involved in inserting breathing tubes for patients…

Updated : Apr 06, 2020 in Research Articles

Joslin Research Ties Autoimmunity-Associated Heart Dilation to Potential Heart-Failure Risk in Type 1 Diabetes

BOSTON – (March 31, 2020) – People with type 1 diabetes, particularly those with poor glycemic control, are at markedly increased risk for cardiovascular disease…

Updated : Apr 06, 2020 in Research Articles

Older Entrepreneurs as Successful as Their Younger Counterparts, Study Reveals

April 6, 2020 www.rpi.edu/news                                                                                            Older Entrepreneurs as Successful as Their Younger Counterparts, Study Reveals New study makes the case that entrepreneurship isn’t just…

Updated : Apr 06, 2020 in Research Articles

Brown fat can burn energy in an unexpected way

BOSTON – (March 17, 2020) – When we are exposed to sufficient cold or exercise, small clusters of brown fat cells in our bodies begin…

Updated : Apr 06, 2020 in Research Articles

Curbing the Rising Toll of Adults with Complex Care Needs

PHILADELPHIA (April 6, 2020) – Data show that the number of people with clinically complex health and social needs is growing. Programs designed to support…

Updated : Apr 06, 2020 in Research Articles

Making Biofuels Cheaper by Putting Plants to Work

Biofuels are an important part of the broader strategy to replace petroleum-based gasoline, diesel, and jet fuels that we use today. However, biofuels have so…

Updated : Apr 06, 2020 in Research Articles

NUS researchers uncover hereditary mutation that drives aggressive head and neck, and lung cancers in Asian population

Researchers from the Cancer Science Institute of Singapore (CSI Singapore) at the National University of Singapore (NUS) have uncovered a genetic variant in a gene…

Updated : Apr 06, 2020 in Research Articles

Estudio de Mayo Clinic descubre que operar espina bífida antes del nacimiento restablece la estructura cerebral

ROCHESTER, Minnesota: La intervención quirúrgica realizada en un feto que aún se encuentra en el vientre materno con el fin reparar los defectos de la…

Updated : Apr 06, 2020 in Research Articles

Mayo Clinic提供紧急指导,识别因超适应症治疗COVID-19而出现的药物诱发心源性猝死风险的患者

美国明尼苏达州罗切斯特市 ― 导致COVID-19的SARS-CoV-2病毒持续传播,在不到四个月的时间里导致全球超过20,000人死亡。COVID-19疫苗的研发工作正在进行中,但距离疫苗上市可能还需要12到18个月的时间。  与此同时,此流行病在全球已有超过40万例确诊病例,这促使广大研究人员全力以赴为COVID-19患者寻找安全有效的治疗方法,在这过程中,一种抗疟疾药物有可能发挥作用。在对新药和重新调整用途的药物进行临床试验测试时,其中一些有希望的药物也正作为超适应症的同情用药治疗患者。  一些用于治疗COVID-19的药物已知会导致某些人出现药物诱发的QTc间期延长。QTc是心脏的充电系统健康与否的一个指标。出现危险的QTc间期延长的患者有更大的出现危及生命的室性心律异常的风险,最终可能造成心源性猝死。  Mayo Clinic遗传性心脏病科医师、医学博士Michael J.Ackerman表示:“正确识别哪些患者最容易受到这种不必要的重大副作用的影响,并知道如何安全地使用这些药物对消除这一威胁非常重要”。Ackerman博士是Mayo Clinic Windland Smith Rice综合心源性猝死项目的负责人。  一项发表在《Mayo Clinic Proceedings》上的研究详细介绍了潜在危险,以及在使用可能引起心律改变的药物时QTc监测在指导治疗中的应用。Ackerman博士是该研究的资深作者。  羟氯喹是一种存在已久的疟疾防治药物,它还被用来管理和减少炎症性免疫疾病(如狼疮和类风湿性关节炎)的症状。在实验室试验中,羟氯喹可以防止SARS-CoV和SARS-CoV-2病毒附着和进入细胞。如果这些抗病毒能力在动物和人类身上的作用方式相同,则可以使用这种药物来治疗患者并减少COVID-19的死亡人数。  在细胞层面上,可能导致QT间期延长的药物(如羟氯喹)会阻断控制心脏充电系统的重要钾通道之一。这种干扰增加了心律发展成为危险的不规则心跳的可能性,最终导致心源性猝死。  因此,Mayo Clinic心脏病科医师和临床医学科学家提供了紧急指导,指示人们如何使用12导联心电图、遥测或支持智能手机的移动心电图将患者的QTc作为确定风险增加的患者的生命体征,以及如何最终将药物诱发心源性猝死的可能性降到最低。  Ackerman博士说:“现在,外面的世界就像是荒蛮西部,从根本不进行任何QTc监测,只是接受这种严重的潜在副作用并当作‘误伤’,到让心电图技术人员天天进入COVID-19患者的病房,暴露在新冠病毒中并消耗个人防护装备,都是一片混乱。现在,Mayo Clinic已经站出来,提供及时和重要的指导。”  治疗期间QTc监测指南  抗疟疾药物氯喹和羟氯喹,以及HIV药物洛匹那韦和利托那韦都具有已知或潜在的药物诱发室性心律不齐和心源性猝死的风险。在开始使用这些药物治疗之前,重要的是获得基线心电图,以便测量变化。这个评估起始值可以来自标准的12导联心电图、遥测或支持智能手机的移动心电图设备。3月20日星期一,美国食品和药物管理局(FDA)紧急批准了AliveCor的Kardia 6L移动心电图设备,作为唯一一款获FDA批准用于COVID-19 QTc监测的移动设备。 …

Updated : Apr 06, 2020 in Research Articles

Estudio de Mayo Clinic descubre cómo las células madre reparan los daños por un ataque cardíaco

ROCHESTER, Minnesota: Los investigadores de Mayo Clinic descubrieron cuáles son los mecanismos de recuperación que las células madre activan después de un ataque cardíaco. Las…

Updated : Apr 06, 2020 in Research Articles

Can the Government Stick Warning Labels on Soda Bottles?

In 2015, San Francisco passed the country’s first and only law requiring a warning label on advertisements for soda and other sugary drinks.  But last…

Updated : Apr 04, 2020 in Research Articles

Houston Methodist Ramps up Plasma Therapy as FDA Approves Clinical Trial

The FDA’s announcement Friday to approve convalescent serum therapy as a large-scale clinical trial opened the door for more patients to receive the potentially life-saving…

Updated : Apr 03, 2020 in Research Articles

Medicare Changes May Increase Access to TAVR

People with aortic stenosis and a low surgical risk became eligible for a less invasive valve replacement last summer, spurring increased demand for the catheter-based…

Updated : Apr 03, 2020 in Research Articles

Anterior insula activation restores prosocial behavior in animal model of opioid addiction

A new study in animals suggests that the social and interpersonal problems associated with opioid addiction might be reversible. Researchers in the Arizona State University…

Updated : Apr 03, 2020 in Research Articles

Mindfulness an Effective Treatment for Migraines

  BALTIMORE — In an article published March 13, 2020 in the journal Pain, David A. Seminowicz, PhD, associate professor in the Department of Neural…

Updated : Apr 03, 2020 in Research Articles

Roswell Park Reports Extended Survival Among Breast Cancer Survivors Who Exercise Regularly

Study analyzed physical activity patterns of breast cancer patients over time Those who met activity thresholds before & after treatment had better outcomes Risk of…

Updated : Apr 03, 2020 in Research Articles

Trial for Potential Coronavirus Treatment is Underway at Montefiore and Einstein

April 3, 2020—(BRONX, NY)—Montefiore Health System and Albert Einstein College of Medicine has joined a clinical trial to evaluate the experimental drug remdesivir to treat…

Updated : Apr 03, 2020 in Research Articles

Researchers Identify Mechanism to Explain Role of Certain Gene Mutations in Kidney Disease

Researchers from the Center for Precision Disease Modeling at the University of Maryland School of Medicine (UMSOM) have uncovered a mechanism that appears to explain…

Updated : Apr 03, 2020 in Research Articles

American Association of Endodontists Publishes ‘Characteristics of Endodontic Emergencies During COVID-19 Outbreak in Wuhan’

CHICAGO – The AAE has published on its website a research article on COVID-19 and endodontic emergencies in Wuhan, China. The article is also being…

Updated : Apr 02, 2020 in Research Articles

Capturing 3D microstructures in real time

Modern scientific research on materials relies heavily on exploring their behavior at the atomic and molecular scales. For that reason, scientists are constantly on the…

Updated : Apr 02, 2020 in Research Articles

Coronavirus by the Numbers

Numerical data sometimes reveal facts that are otherwise concealed within an onslaught of information from an overwhelming number of sources. Prof. Ron Milo and research student Yinon…

Updated : Apr 02, 2020 in Research Articles

Could Intermittent Lockdown Save Us – and the Economy – From the Coronavirus?

Think of dieting. You can fast for two months and lose weight, but you will probably die. Even if you survive, you will quickly gain…

Updated : Apr 02, 2020 in Research Articles

Self-Monitoring Your Sense of Smell May Help Detect Coronavirus

Along with fever, cough, and shortness of breath, many COVID-19 patients report a temporary loss of sense of smell. It appears that olfactory loss is…

Updated : Apr 02, 2020 in Research Articles

Glaciologists’ experiments lead to slip law for better forecasts of glacier speed, sea-level rise

AMES, Iowa – Backed by experimental data from a laboratory machine that simulates the huge forces involved in glacier flow, glaciologists have written an equation…

Updated : Apr 02, 2020 in Research Articles

New App Could Help Panic Attack Sufferers During Coronavirus Pandemic

For the nearly 36 million Americans who experience panic attacks, the coronavirus pandemic is a potentially significant new trigger, a recent story in the Washington…

Updated : Apr 02, 2020 in Research Articles

Smaller scale solutions needed for rapid progress towards emissions targets

Low-carbon technologies that are smaller scale, more affordable, and can be mass deployed are more likely to enable a faster transition to net-zero emissions, according…

Updated : Apr 02, 2020 in Research Articles

Tulane School of Medicine launches COVID-19 testing lab to improve capacity

Tulane University has added a second avenue for COVID-19 testing, this one taking place at a Tulane School of Medicine repurposed research lab where results…