Updated : Mar 27, 2020 in Research Articles

UC Davis launches two clinical studies to treat COVID-19

UC Davis Health has two clinical trials underway for hospitalized patients with severe COVID-19, the disease caused by the novel coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2. The studies are…

Updated : Mar 03, 2020 in Research Articles

Presence of Staph Bacteria in Skin Microbiome Promotes Netherton Syndrome Inflammation

Netherton syndrome, a rare skin disease caused by a single genetic mutation, is exacerbated by the presence of two common Staphylococcal bacteria living on human…

Updated : Feb 27, 2020 in Feature

PECASE Honoree Michael Boyce on Sugar’s Role in Cell Signaling and on Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion in the Scientific Workforce

Sugars aren’t merely energy sources for our cells. They also play important signaling roles through a process called glycosylation, where they attach to proteins and…

Updated : Feb 19, 2020 in Research Articles

Random gene pulsing generates patterns of life

A team of Cambridge scientists working on the intersection between biology and computation has found that random gene activity helps patterns form during development of…

Updated : Feb 14, 2020 in Research Articles

Subtle Decline in Cognition Predicts Progression to Alzheimer’s Pathology

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is progressive, but slow to develop — or at least to reveal itself. In a new study, published online February 14, 2020…

Updated : Feb 10, 2020 in Research Articles

Human Gut-in-a-Dish Model Helps Define ‘Leaky Gut,’ and Outline a Pathway to Treatment

Once a vague scapegoat for a variety of ills, increasing evidence suggests a condition known as “leaky gut” — in which microbes and other molecules…

Updated : Feb 06, 2020 in Research Articles

Cancer-Causing Culprits Could be Caught by their DNA Fingerprints

Causes of cancer are being catalogued through an international study revealing the genetic fingerprints of DNA-damaging processes that drive cancer development. Researchers from University of…

Updated : Jan 29, 2020 in Research Articles

Cheap nanoparticles stimulate immune response to cancer in the lab

MADISON, Wis. — University of Wisconsin–Madison researchers have developed nanoparticles that, in the lab, can activate immune responses to cancer cells. If they are shown…

Updated : Jan 23, 2020 in Research Articles

Liver Fibrosis ‘Off Switch’ Discovered in Mice

Chronic alcohol abuse and hepatitis can injure the liver, often leading to a buildup of collagen and scar tissue. Understanding this process, known as liver…

Updated : Jan 16, 2020 in Research Articles

Zika Virus’ Key into Brain Cells ID’d, Leveraged to Block Infection and Kill Cancer Cells

Zika virus infection can stunt neonatal brain development, a condition known as microcephaly, in which babies are born with abnormally small heads. To determine how…

Updated : Jan 10, 2020 in Research Articles

Taking One for the Team: How Bacteria Self-Destruct to Fight Viral Infections

Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine have discovered how a new immune system works to protect bacteria from bacteriophages (phages), viruses…

Updated : Dec 31, 2019 in Research Articles

Objective Subtle Cognitive Difficulties Predict Amyloid Accumulation and Neurodegeneration

Writing in the December 30, 2019 online issue of Neurology, researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine and Veterans Affairs San Diego…

Updated : Dec 30, 2019 in Research Articles

Life could have emerged from lakes with high phosphorus

FROM: James Urton ([email protected]) and Hannah Hickey ([email protected]) University of Washington 206-543-2580 (NOTE: Researcher contact information at end)   Embargoed by the Proceedings of the…

Updated : Dec 23, 2019 in Research Articles

Gone fishin’ … for proteins

Using a new microscopic "fishing" technique, scientists at the Montreal Clinical Research Institute (IRCM) and Université de Montréal have successfully snagged thousands of proteins key…

Updated : Dec 23, 2019 in Research Articles

Researchers discover how Zika virus remodels its host cell to boost viral production

Researchers in China have discovered how a Zika virus protein reshapes its host cell to aid viral replication. The study, which will be published December…

Updated : Dec 17, 2019 in Announcement

UIC alumnus named second Rhodes Scholar for Saudi Arabia

Twenty years after arriving in the United States, University of Illinois at Chicago alumnus and aspiring physician Sami Alahmadi has been selected as the second…

Updated : Dec 17, 2019 in Research Articles

Research Adds New Twist to Fight Against Autoimmune Diseases

CINCINNATI – Scientists describe in Nature Immunology an entirely new molecular process in mice that triggers T cell-driven inflammation and causes different auto-immune diseases. In…

Updated : Dec 16, 2019 in Research Articles

Scientists Show How Tiny, Mutated Neuron Antennae Impair Brain Connectivity

CHAPEL HILL, NC – December 16, 2019 – Axons are the long thread-like extensions of neurons that send electrical signals to other brain cells. Thanks…

Updated : Dec 06, 2019 in Research Articles

Technique shows how individual cancer cells react to drugs

A new technique reported this week in Science overcomes several limitations of typical high-throughput chemical screens conducted on cell samples. Such screens are commonly used to try to discover…

Updated : Nov 21, 2019 in Research Articles

Non-Coding DNA Located Outside Chromosomes May Help Drive Glioblastoma

One of the ways a cancer-causing gene works up enough power to turn a normal cell into a cancer cell is by copying itself over…

Updated : Nov 20, 2019 in Research Articles

Vicious Circles: Ring-shaped DNA Provides Cancer Cells with a Malignant Twist

Deoxyribonucleic acid or DNA encodes information, not only in its sequence but also in its shape. Building upon previous revelatory work, a team of scientists,…

Updated : Nov 20, 2019 in Research Articles

High school students’ data science contributions boost biomineralization research

Students often participate in internships and receive formal training in their chosen career fields during college, but some pursue professional development opportunities even earlier. Now…

Updated : Nov 14, 2019 in Research Articles

Researchers discover a new way in which insulin interacts with its receptor

Since the discovery of insulin nearly 100 years ago, scientists have explored how it interacts with its receptor with the goal of improving the ability…

Updated : Nov 13, 2019 in Research Articles

Phage Therapy Shows Promise for Alcoholic Liver Disease

Bacteriophages (phages) are viruses that specifically destroy bacteria. In the early 20th century, researchers experimented with phages as a potential method for treating bacterial infections.…

Updated : Oct 21, 2019 in Announcement

UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center’s J. Silvio Gutkind Joins National Academy of Medicine

Considered one of the highest honors in the fields of health and medicine, J. Silvio Gutkind, PhD, Distinguished Professor of Pharmacology at University of California…

Updated : Oct 03, 2019 in Research Articles

Immune Cell Identity Crisis: What Makes a Liver Macrophage a Liver Macrophage?

Every tissue in the human body has an immune cell in it called a macrophage. Macrophages play important roles in the immune system’s initial response…

Updated : Sep 30, 2019 in Research Articles

Skin-Cells-Turned-to-Heart-Cells Help Unravel Genetic Underpinnings of Cardiac Function

Genome-wide association studies have uncovered more than 500 genetic variants linked to heart function, everything from heart rate to irregular rhythms that can lead to…

Updated : Sep 20, 2019 in Research Articles

Leukemia Drug Shows Promise for Treating a Childhood Brain Cancer

A drug used to treat chronic myeloid leukemia appears to be more effective at stopping a type of medulloblastoma in mouse models than existing treatments…

Updated : Sep 04, 2019 in Uncategorized

Researchers develop a tool for rapid breakdown of cellular proteins

Cellular functions depend on the functionality of proteins, and these functions are disturbed in diseases. A core aim of cell biological research is to determine…

Updated : Sep 04, 2019 in Uncategorized

Potential vaccine treats and prevents deadly streptococcal toxic shock

A new vaccine developed by Griffith University Institute for Glycomics researchers has the potential to treat and prevent toxic shock caused by invasive streptococcal disease,…

Updated : Sep 04, 2019 in Uncategorized

DNA repair: Opening the hatch to heal the break

Various types of DNA damage can have serious repercussions, both for the individual cells in which they occur and for the organism as a whole.…

Updated : Sep 04, 2019 in Uncategorized

NIH, Cincinnati Children’s scientists develop possible strategy for cancer drug resistance

Scientists from the National Institutes of Health and Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center have devised a potential treatment against a common type of leukemia that…

Updated : Sep 04, 2019 in Uncategorized

Discovered a molecule that regulates the development of cancer in a variety of tumors

Sonia Guil, leader of the Regulatory and Chromatin RNA group of Josep Carreras Leukemia Research Institute, and Lourdes Farré of ProCURE (Idibell) have discovered an…

Updated : Sep 04, 2019 in Uncategorized

Honorees of the prestigious 2019 Blavatnik Regional Awards for Young Scientists announced

The Blavatnik Family Foundation and the New York Academy of Sciences announced today the three Winners and six Finalists of the 2019 Blavatnik Regional Awards…

Updated : Sep 03, 2019 in Research Articles

FAK Protein Linked to Chemotherapy Resistance in Ovarian Cancer

Although the number of women being diagnosed and dying of ovarian cancer is declining, recurrence, drug resistance and mortality remain high for women with high-grade…

Updated : Sep 03, 2019 in Uncategorized

Unique multi-institute research to harness untapped reservoir of plant genes for bioenergy

ST. LOUIS, MO, September 3, 2019 - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has launched a major initiative important for the development of bioenergy crops…

Updated : Sep 03, 2019 in Uncategorized

Body’s ageing process accelerated by DNA changes, study suggests

DNA changes throughout a person's life can significantly increase their susceptibility to heart conditions and other age-related diseases, research suggests. Such alterations - known as…

Updated : Sep 03, 2019 in Uncategorized

Identification of new populations of immune cells in the lungs

Due to their function, the lungs are constantly exposed to various compounds carried in the air, sometimes harmful, sometimes harmless. The lung immune system plays…

Updated : Sep 03, 2019 in Uncategorized

Melatonin is a potential drug for the prevention of bone loss during space flight

[Background] For proper and healthy metabolism of bone, appropriate stimuli are necessary. In outer space with microgravity, calcium is lost from bone and bone mass…

Updated : Sep 03, 2019 in Uncategorized

Why fruit flies eat practically anything

Japan -- Say hello to the common fruit fly: a regular guest in all our homes, feasting on that banana peel you tossed into the…

Updated : Sep 03, 2019 in Uncategorized

ERC awards €1.5 million to research into rhabdoid tumors

Rhabdoid tumors are aggressive tumors that occur in the brain, kidneys and soft tissues. Every year five to ten children in the Netherlands are diagnosed…

Updated : Sep 03, 2019 in Uncategorized

Fighting frostbite: Focusing on prevention and early drug treatment are the keys to success

Frostbite is an injury which usually affects the extremities, such as fingers and toes, and has the potential of causing irreversible tissue loss. The treatment…

Updated : Sep 03, 2019 in Uncategorized

Mouthwash use could inhibit benefits of exercise, new research shows

Exercise is known to reduce blood pressure - but the activity of bacteria in our mouths may determine whether we experience this benefit, according to…

Updated : Sep 03, 2019 in Uncategorized

From CAR-T cells to collaborative robotics: 4 projects awarded with the ERC Starting grants

Four researchers at IIT - Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia in Italy have been awarded by European Research Council (ERC) Starting grants: Arash Ajoudani, Francesco Di…

Updated : Sep 03, 2019 in Uncategorized

Temple scientists identify promising new target to combat Alzheimer’s disease

(Philadelphia, PA) - Sometimes the more a person tries to fix a seemingly minor problem, the worse things become. Cells are no different, it turns…

Updated : Sep 03, 2019 in Uncategorized

Scientists use advanced imaging to map uncharted area of genome

AURORA, Colo. (Sept. 3, 2019) - Using advanced imaging techniques, researchers at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus have mapped a previously uncharted region…

Updated : Sep 03, 2019 in Uncategorized

Scientists link ‘hunger hormone’ to memory in Alzheimer’s study

Scientists at The University of Texas at Dallas have found evidence suggesting that resistance to the "hunger hormone" ghrelin in the brain is linked to…

Updated : Sep 02, 2019 in Uncategorized

Enzyme known for promoting cancer found to also protect healthy cells

New research from the University of Maryland and the National Institutes of Health reveals a new role for the enzyme telomerase. Telomerase's only known role…

Updated : Sep 02, 2019 in Uncategorized

Breast cancer can form ‘sleeper cells’ after drug treatment

Breast cancer medicines may force some cancer cells into 'sleeper mode', allowing them to potentially come back to life years after initial treatment. These are…

Updated : Sep 02, 2019 in Uncategorized

A comprehensive catalogue of human digestive tract bacteria

The human digestive tract is home to thousands of different strains of bacteria. Many of these are beneficial, while others contribute to health problems such…